Penawar TCM @ 2018
The ancient beliefs on which TCM is based include
1. The human body is a miniature version of the larger, surrounding universe.
2. Harmony between two opposing yet complementary forces, called yin and yang, supports health, and disease
results from an imbalance between these forces.
3. Five elements—fire, earth, wood, metal, and water—symbolically represent all phenomena, including the stages of human life, and explain the functioning of the body and how it changes during disease.
4. Qi, a vital energy that flows through the body, performs multiple functions in maintaining health.
Traditional forms of medicine have been used in China since the 3rd Century. Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) system consist three parts:
Yin – Yang
Tai – ji
Daoist yin-yang concepts
Yang predominates during the day and turns into yin after
The human body is regarded as the universe in miniature,
when the Yin and Yang elements in a person’s body are well
balanced, the person is in good hearth.
◦ A person falls sick when the balance is disrupted.
Five elements theory
The five vital organs
◦ the heart, liver, spleen, lungs, and
kidneys are each seen as
corresponding to one of the five elements of
earth, wood, metal, fire and water.
◦ The five organs function in an interlocked and
◦ It is believed a
pathological change in any of the vital
organs will affect the health of the other
TCM encompasses many different
Burning an herb above the skin to apply heat to acupuncture points
4. Chinese herbal medicine
5. Tui na
Chinese therapeutic massage
6. Dietary therapy
7. Tai chi and qi gong
Practices that combine specific movements or postures, coordinated breathing, and mental focus
Chinese herbal medicine
◦ The Chinese Materia
Medica (a pharmacological
reference book used by
describes thousands of
primarily plants, but also
some minerals and animal
◦ Different parts of plants,
such as the leaves, roots,
stems, flowers, and seeds,
◦ In TCM, herbs are often
combined in formulas and
given as teas, capsules,
liquid extracts, granules,
◦ Acupuncture is a family of
procedures involving the
stimulation of specific points
on the body using a variety
◦ The acupuncture technique
that has been most often
studied scientifically involves
penetrating the skin with
thin, solid, metal needles
that are manipulated by the
hands or by
◦ Acupuncture involves the
stimulation of anatomical
points on the body with thin
◦ Acupuncture patients
usually feel little to no pain.
◦ Acupuncture needles are
hair-thin and are
manipulated either by hand
◦ Moxibustion is a traditional Chinese medicine technique that involves the burning of mugwort, a small, spongy herb, to facilitate healing.
◦ The purpose is to strengthen
the blood and improve Qi flow.
◦ Direct and indirect methods.
◦ Traditionally used to treat colds.
◦ But it is not for everyone.
◦ Because it is used specifically
for patients suffering from
cold or stagnant constitutions,
it should not be used on
anyone diagnosed with too much heat.
◦ Cupping therapy is a form of CTM in which cups are placed on the skin to create suction.
◦ The cups can be made of a variety of materials,
◦ The suction of the cups mobilizes blood flow to promote the healing of a
broad range of medical ailments
◦ Also known as Chinese massage
◦ Uses wave-like motions to loosen joints and nourish muscles.
◦ Brings awareness back to a person’s body, making it a first
step in the healing process.
◦ Stimulates the flow of Qi, blood and body fluids
◦ Can be used to treat pain, stress or digestion problems.